"23 Days until Victory"
The St. Petersburg Opera theatre will take part in the festival “23 Days until Victory” dedicated to the celebration of the 75th anniversary of Victory in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. The Russian Army Theatre, on the initiative of the Ministry of Defense with the participation of the Union of Theatre Workers of the Russian Federation announced the start of the Festival “23 Days until Victory”.
Between April 16 and May 9, theatres are invited to include in their repertoire performances about the Great Patriotic War.
The title of the festival was not chosen by chance, since exactly 23 days one of the last strategic operations of the Soviet troops lasted until the Red Army captured Berlin, which led to the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany.
On May 09, 2020, the St. Petersburg Opera will present the audience with a new concert program called “THE GREAT MUSIC OF THE GREAT WAR” in the frameworks of the festival dedicated to the 145th anniversary of R. Glier. “Glier is a composer of the old school, but an artist of the new time”, Gavrilin says.
The years of the war are a special period in the history of Russian music because it gave people strength and self-confidence. The most popular musical symbol with which the Great Patriotic War is associated is the song “Victory Day”, but we must not forget the great composers who were also a part of the war in that terrible time. Among them R. Glier, S. Prokofiev, D. Shostakovich, A. Khachaturian.
In 1941, for Glier as well as for all citizens of the Soviet Union, the war years of difficult trials began, nevertheless, the composer continued to work hard. In this gloomy life period he created many masterpieces of music.
At the very beginning of the war, Reinhold Glier, the author of the ballet “The Bronze Horseman” wrote: “We need to start work on major works related to the images, feelings, themes prompted by the Great Patriotic War ... It is our responsibility to give Music that would lift the spirit, arouse patriotic feelings, would be an effective weapon ...”
From 1941 to 1945 he created the “Overture on Slavic folk themes” (1941), the overture “Fraternity of peoples” (1941), the overture “Victory” (1944-1945), the overture “25 Years of the Red Army” (1943), the ballet “The Bronze Horseman” based on the poem of Alexander Pushkin (1945-1948), Anthem to the Great City (anthem of St. Petersburg).
В 1942 – 1943 годах, в пору жесточайших боев, слез и страданий композитор, ютившийся в эвакуации, написал одно из самых искренних, проникновенных и задушевных произведений – Концерт для колоратурного сопрано с оркестром. Само по себе стремление обратиться не к какому-нибудь «теплому инструменту», например, скрипке или виолончели, а к голосу говорит о том, что среди ужаса войны Глиэр хотел помочь зрителям ощутить радость жизни и полноту человеческих чувств.
In 1942 - 1943, at the time of fierce battles, tears and suffering, he wrote a concert for a coloratura soprano with an orchestra. In the horror of war, Glier wanted to help viewers feel the joy of life and the fullness of human feelings.
Glier addressed the classical concert genre five times. In 1947, he created the cello concerto the harp concerto and in 1938 the first in its genre harp concerto. The concert was written for Ksenia Erdeli, artist of the Bolshoi Theater Orchestra and an outstanding harpist, who approved the solo role of this instrument in the Soviet Union.
In the concert program:
Concert for coloratura soprano and orchestra (1943). Conductor - Alexander Goikhman
Performed by Laureate of International Competitions Olesya Gordeeva (soprano)
Concert for cello and orchestra in D minor (1945). Conductor - Robert Luther
Performed by the laureate of International Competitions Rodion Ferulev (cello), a student of the Secondary Special Music School of the St. Petersburg Conservatory named after N. Rimsky-Korsakov
Concert for harp and orchestra in E Flat Major (1938). Conductor - Robert Luther
Performed by the laureate of International Competitions Elizaveta Alexandrova
“Anthem to the Great City”
Performed by orchestra of the St. Petersburg Opera
At a concert on May 9, viewers will be able to hear the original sound of a unique harp made especially for the premiere of the Glier Concert in 1938.